Research 1 exposes the concept of research and its method in literature and English Language to the students. They are exposed to the ethical principles in Research, conceptual foundations of research, sources and characteristics of an ideal research topic/problem.

Course Aim:

i. It exposes the students to the meaning of research and its methods

ii. It exposes them to the purposes of Research

iii. It also exposes them to the ethical principles of research 

iv. It exposes the students to Research methods in Literature and English Language

Reading List

Akinade, E. A. & Owolabi Tunde (2010) Research Methods (A pragmatic Approach) for Social 

Sciences, Behavioural sciences and Education.


American Psychological Association (APA) 5th Ed. (2007) Publication manual of the American 

Psychological Association. Washington, D.C.


Sidhn, K.S (2007) Methodology of Research in Education. New Dehli. Sterling Publishers


Ofo, J. E. (1994) Research Methods and Statistics in Education and Social Sciences, Lagos. Joja 

Educational Research and Publishers Limited.


Topic 1: Concept of Research

Course Objective: At the end of the lecture, students should be able to:

i. Explain the meaning of ‘Research’ with reference to some scholars

ii. Differentiate between ‘Research’ and Research method/Design in attempt to bring out the relationship between the two concepts.

Lecture Note

Research has been explained by different scholars according to their schools of thought. Akinade and Owolabi (2010) explain ‘Research’ as “the process of systematically obtaining accurate answers to significant and pertinent questions by use of the scientific method of gathering and interpreting information”. Some see it as systematic search for truth about an identified problem and an exercise in solving problems

Okon (2010:12) defines research as “an advanced study of a subject, aimed at discovering new facts”. From this definition, research is about discovering new ideas or information.

Muller (2000: 570-71) explains ‘research’ to mean:

“The careful investigation of a subject in order to discover or revise facts, theories or applications” your purpose is to demonstrate how other researchers approach a problem and how you treat the problem. The Research process involves thinking, searching, reading, writing and rewriting.


Research is therefore presented as a systematic investigation. It is concerned with bringing out new ideas or newperspectives, through an original endeavor. It is understood as involving inquiry or investigation into a specific problem with the intention to proffering solution to societal needs.

Research is the systematic investigation into and study of materials and sources in order to establish facts and reach new conclusion. It can also be explained as a careful consideration of study regarding a particular concern or a problem using scientific methods. It is also a systematic inquiry to describe, explain, predict and control the observed phenomenon. Any formal gathering of data, information and facts for the advancement of knowledge can be called “Research”


Research method/Design is the plan, structure and strategy of investigation conceived to obtain answers to research questions and to control variance (Ofo 2002).


The choice of which research method to be used in any study depends on the purpose of the study and the type or nature of the problem to be investigaged. The overall strategy used by the researcher in collecting and analyzing data