This course encapsulates discourses on the reality of evil in the world and various intellectual arguments, positions, defences and theodicy. There are various forms of evil: natural and moral mainly. Connections between these two kinds of evil can be drawn from the anthropogenic free will and actions on the universe. However, the nuances of orthodox theism in regards to its claim of the perfectly moral God, who is omniscient and omnipotent escalated to the problem of evil. This does not suggest the problems caused by evil but the scholarly debates of the reality of evil as evidence for atheism or as against theism. In as much evil is inexcusably, an existential reality in the world, humans must possess good understanding of it. The debates and controversies are not merely about intellectual abstractions but as a matter of importance to both religious communities and the public on what should our world view on evil and what should be our attitude to it. Thus, diverse theodicies base on various philosophical underpinnings have been and being explored by scholars as they revisit and revise the problem of evils, the ultimate goal of which, humans must find healing and handle evil as co-existent reality.