Human beings have constantly lived with disease-causing organisms and there has been need to control and conquer their activities within human populace.

Medical knowledge has been derived to a great extent from intuitive and observational propositions and cumulative experiences gleaned from others sources. Health and disease studies have been focused through three basic ways: (i) observation of effects on individuals, (ii) laboratory experiments and (iii) measuring their distribution in population (epidemiology).

 Theodicy: REL 424

This course encapsulates discourses on the reality of evil in the world and various intellectual arguments, positions, defences and theodicy. There are various forms of evil: natural and moral mainly. Connections between these two kinds of evil can be drawn from the anthropogenic free will and actions on the universe. However, the nuances of orthodox theism in regards to its claim of the perfectly moral God, who is omniscient and omnipotent escalated to the problem of evil. This does not suggest the problems caused by evil but the scholarly debates of the reality of evil as evidence for atheism or as against theism. In as much evil is inexcusably, an existential reality in the world, humans must possess good understanding of it.

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